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Fireworks Home > US Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Title 16, Chapter II, Part 1507
CFR 16, Chapter II, Part 1507 - Fireworks
                       TITLE 16--COMMERCIAL PRACTICES
PART 1507--FIREWORKS DEVICES--Table of Contents
  1507.2   Prohibited chemicals
  1507.1   Scope
  1507.3   Fuses
  1507.4   Bases
  1507.5   Pyrotechnic leakage
  1507.6   Burnout and blowout
  1507.7   Handles and spikes
  1507.8   Wheel devices
  1507.9   Toy smoke devices and flitter devices
  1507.10  Rockets with sticks
  1507.11  Party poppers
  1507.12  Multiple-tube fireworks devices

Sec. 1507.1  Scope.

    This part 1507 prescribes requirements for those fireworks devices 
(other than firecrackers) not otherwise banned under the act. Any 
fireworks device (other than firecrackers) which fails to conform to 
applicable requirements is a banned hazardous substance and is 
prohibited from the channels of interstate commerce. Any fireworks 
device not otherwise banned under the act shall not be a banned 
hazardous substance by virtue of the fact that there are no applicable 
requirements prescribed herein.

Sec. 1507.2  Prohibited chemicals.

    Fireworks devices shall not contain any of the following chemicals:
    (a) Arsenic sulfide, arsenates, or arsenites.
    (b) Boron.
    (c) Chlorates, except:
    (1) In colored smoke mixtures in which an equal or greater amount of 
sodium bicarbonate is included.
    (2) In caps and party poppers.
    (3) In those small items (such as ground spinners) wherein the total 
powder content does not exceed 4 grams of which not greater than 15 
percent (or 600 milligrams) is potassium, sodium, or barium chlorate.
    (d) Gallates or gallic acid.
    (e) Magnesium (magnesium/aluminum alloys, called magnalium, are 
    (f) Mercury salts.
    (g) Phosphorus (red or white). Except that red phosphorus is 
permissible in caps and party poppers.
    (h) Picrates or picric acid.
    (i) Thiocyanates.
    (j) Titanium, except in particle size greater than 100-mesh.
    (k) Zirconium.

Sec. 1507.3  Fuses.

    (a) Fireworks devices that require a fuse shall:
    (1) Utilize only a fuse that has been treated or coated in such 
manner as to reduce the possibility of side ignition. Devices such as 
ground spinners that require a restricted orifice for proper thrust and 
contain less than 6 grams of pyrotechnic composition are exempted from 
Sec. 1507.3(a)(1).
    (2) Utilize only a fuse which will burn at least 3 seconds but not 
more than 9 seconds before ignition of the device.
    (b) The fuse shall be securely attached so that it will support 
either the weight of the fireworks device plus 8 ounces of dead weight 
or double the weight of the device, whether is less, without separation 
from the fireworks device.

[41 FR 22935, June 8, 1976, as amended at 61 FR 67200, Dec. 20, 1996; 61 
FR 67200, Dec. 20, 1996]

Sec. 1507.4  Bases.

    The base or bottom of fireworks devices that are operated in a 
standing upright position shall have the minimum horizontal dimensions 
or the diameter of the base equal to at least one-third of the height of 
the device including any base or cap affixed thereto.

[[Page 535]]

Sec. 1507.5  Pyrotechnic leakage.

    The pyrotechnic chamber in fireworks devices shall be sealed in a 
manner that prevents leakage of the pyrotechnic composition during 
shipping, handling, and normal operation.

Sec. 1507.6  Burnout and blowout.

    The pyrotechnic chamber in fireworks devices shall be constructed in 
a manner to allow functioning in a normal manner without burnout or 

Sec. 1507.7  Handles and spikes.

    (a) Fireworks devices which are intended to be hand-held and are so 
labeled shall incorporate a handle at least 4 inches in length (see 
Sec. 1500.14(b)(7)). Handles shall remain firmly attached during 
transportation, handling and full operation of the device, or shall 
consist of an integral section of the device at least four inches below 
the pyrotechnic chamber.
    (b) Spikes provided with fireworks devices shall protrude at least 2 
inches from the base of the device and shall have a blunt tip not less 
than \1/8\-inch in diameter of \1/8\-inch square.

Sec. 1507.8  Wheel devices.

    Drivers in fireworks devices commonly known as ``wheels'' shall be 
securely attached to the device so that they will not come loose in 
transportation, handling, and normal operation. Wheel devices intended 
to operate in a fixed location shall be designed in such a manner that 
the axle remains attached to the device during normal operation.

Sec. 1507.9  Toy smoke devices and flitter devices.

    (a) Toy smoke devices shall be so constructed that they will neither 
burst nor produce external flame (excluding the fuse and firstfire upon 
ignition) during normal operation.
    (b) Toy smoke devices and flitter devices shall not be of such color 
and configuration so as to be confused with banned fireworks such as M-
80 salutes, silver salutes, or cherry bombs.
    (c) Toy smoke devices shall not incorporate plastic as an exterior 
material if the pyrotechnic composition comes in direct contact with the 

Sec. 1507.10  Rockets with sticks.

    Rockets with sticks (including skyrockets and bottle rockets) shall 
utilize a straight and rigid stick to provide a direct and stable 
flight. Such sticks shall remain straight and rigid and attached to the 
driver so as to prevent the stick from being damaged or detached during 
transportation, handling, and normal operation.

Sec. 1507.11  Party poppers.

    Party poppers (also known by other names such as ``Champagne Party 
Poppers,'' and ``Party Surprise Poppers,'') shall not contain more than 
0.25 grains of pyrotechnic composition. Such devices may contain soft 
paper or cloth inserts provided any such inserts do not ignite during 
normal operation.

Sec. 1507.12  Multiple-tube fireworks devices.

    (a) Application. Multiple-tube mine and shell fireworks devices with 
any tube measuring 1.5 inches (3.8 cm) or more in inside diameter and 
subject to Sec. 1500.17(a)(12) of this part shall not tip over when 
subjected to the tip-angle test described in this section.
    (b) Testing procedure. The device shall be placed on a smooth 
surface that can be inclined at 60 degrees from the horizontal, as shown 
in Figure 1 of this section. The height and width of the inclined plane 
(not including the portion of the plane below the mechanical stop) shall 
be at least 1 inch (2.54 cm) greater than the largest dimension of the 
base of the device to be tested. The test shall be conducted on a 
smooth, hard surface that is horizontal as measured by a spirit level or 
equivalent instrument. The mechanical stop on the inclined plane shall 
be 1/16 inches (1.6 mm) in height and perpendicular to the inclined 
plane. The stop shall be positioned parallel to the bottom edge of the 
inclined plane and so that no portion of the device to be tested or its 
base touches the horizontal surface. The device shall not tip over when 
the plane is inclined at 60-degrees from the horizontal. The procedure 
shall be repeated for each edge of the device.

[[Page 536]]

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