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US Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Title 16, Chapter II, Part 1507
CFR 16, Chapter II, Part 1507 - Fireworks
US CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS (CFR)
TITLE 16--COMMERCIAL PRACTICES
CHAPTER II--CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION
PART 1507--FIREWORKS DEVICES--Table of Contents
1507.2 Prohibited chemicals
1507.5 Pyrotechnic leakage
1507.6 Burnout and blowout
1507.7 Handles and spikes
1507.8 Wheel devices
1507.9 Toy smoke devices and flitter devices
1507.10 Rockets with sticks
1507.11 Party poppers
1507.12 Multiple-tube fireworks devices
Sec. 1507.1 Scope.
This part 1507 prescribes requirements for those fireworks devices
(other than firecrackers) not otherwise banned under the act. Any
fireworks device (other than firecrackers) which fails to conform to
applicable requirements is a banned hazardous substance and is
prohibited from the channels of interstate commerce. Any fireworks
device not otherwise banned under the act shall not be a banned
hazardous substance by virtue of the fact that there are no applicable
requirements prescribed herein.
Sec. 1507.2 Prohibited chemicals.
Fireworks devices shall not contain any of the following chemicals:
(a) Arsenic sulfide, arsenates, or arsenites.
(c) Chlorates, except:
(1) In colored smoke mixtures in which an equal or greater amount of
sodium bicarbonate is included.
(2) In caps and party poppers.
(3) In those small items (such as ground spinners) wherein the total
powder content does not exceed 4 grams of which not greater than 15
percent (or 600 milligrams) is potassium, sodium, or barium chlorate.
(d) Gallates or gallic acid.
(e) Magnesium (magnesium/aluminum alloys, called magnalium, are
(f) Mercury salts.
(g) Phosphorus (red or white). Except that red phosphorus is
permissible in caps and party poppers.
(h) Picrates or picric acid.
(j) Titanium, except in particle size greater than 100-mesh.
Sec. 1507.3 Fuses.
(a) Fireworks devices that require a fuse shall:
(1) Utilize only a fuse that has been treated or coated in such
manner as to reduce the possibility of side ignition. Devices such as
ground spinners that require a restricted orifice for proper thrust and
contain less than 6 grams of pyrotechnic composition are exempted from
(2) Utilize only a fuse which will burn at least 3 seconds but not
more than 9 seconds before ignition of the device.
(b) The fuse shall be securely attached so that it will support
either the weight of the fireworks device plus 8 ounces of dead weight
or double the weight of the device, whether is less, without separation
from the fireworks device.
[41 FR 22935, June 8, 1976, as amended at 61 FR 67200, Dec. 20, 1996; 61
FR 67200, Dec. 20, 1996]
Sec. 1507.4 Bases.
The base or bottom of fireworks devices that are operated in a
standing upright position shall have the minimum horizontal dimensions
or the diameter of the base equal to at least one-third of the height of
the device including any base or cap affixed thereto.
Sec. 1507.5 Pyrotechnic leakage.
The pyrotechnic chamber in fireworks devices shall be sealed in a
manner that prevents leakage of the pyrotechnic composition during
shipping, handling, and normal operation.
Sec. 1507.6 Burnout and blowout.
The pyrotechnic chamber in fireworks devices shall be constructed in
a manner to allow functioning in a normal manner without burnout or
Sec. 1507.7 Handles and spikes.
(a) Fireworks devices which are intended to be hand-held and are so
labeled shall incorporate a handle at least 4 inches in length (see
Sec. 1500.14(b)(7)). Handles shall remain firmly attached during
transportation, handling and full operation of the device, or shall
consist of an integral section of the device at least four inches below
the pyrotechnic chamber.
(b) Spikes provided with fireworks devices shall protrude at least 2
inches from the base of the device and shall have a blunt tip not less
than \1/8\-inch in diameter of \1/8\-inch square.
Sec. 1507.8 Wheel devices.
Drivers in fireworks devices commonly known as ``wheels'' shall be
securely attached to the device so that they will not come loose in
transportation, handling, and normal operation. Wheel devices intended
to operate in a fixed location shall be designed in such a manner that
the axle remains attached to the device during normal operation.
Sec. 1507.9 Toy smoke devices and flitter devices.
(a) Toy smoke devices shall be so constructed that they will neither
burst nor produce external flame (excluding the fuse and firstfire upon
ignition) during normal operation.
(b) Toy smoke devices and flitter devices shall not be of such color
and configuration so as to be confused with banned fireworks such as M-
80 salutes, silver salutes, or cherry bombs.
(c) Toy smoke devices shall not incorporate plastic as an exterior
material if the pyrotechnic composition comes in direct contact with the
Sec. 1507.10 Rockets with sticks.
Rockets with sticks (including skyrockets and bottle rockets) shall
utilize a straight and rigid stick to provide a direct and stable
flight. Such sticks shall remain straight and rigid and attached to the
driver so as to prevent the stick from being damaged or detached during
transportation, handling, and normal operation.
Sec. 1507.11 Party poppers.
Party poppers (also known by other names such as ``Champagne Party
Poppers,'' and ``Party Surprise Poppers,'') shall not contain more than
0.25 grains of pyrotechnic composition. Such devices may contain soft
paper or cloth inserts provided any such inserts do not ignite during
Sec. 1507.12 Multiple-tube fireworks devices.
(a) Application. Multiple-tube mine and shell fireworks devices with
any tube measuring 1.5 inches (3.8 cm) or more in inside diameter and
subject to Sec. 1500.17(a)(12) of this part shall not tip over when
subjected to the tip-angle test described in this section.
(b) Testing procedure. The device shall be placed on a smooth
surface that can be inclined at 60 degrees from the horizontal, as shown
in Figure 1 of this section. The height and width of the inclined plane
(not including the portion of the plane below the mechanical stop) shall
be at least 1 inch (2.54 cm) greater than the largest dimension of the
base of the device to be tested. The test shall be conducted on a
smooth, hard surface that is horizontal as measured by a spirit level or
equivalent instrument. The mechanical stop on the inclined plane shall
be 1/16 inches (1.6 mm) in height and perpendicular to the inclined
plane. The stop shall be positioned parallel to the bottom edge of the
inclined plane and so that no portion of the device to be tested or its
base touches the horizontal surface. The device shall not tip over when
the plane is inclined at 60-degrees from the horizontal. The procedure
shall be repeated for each edge of the device.